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Head of Buddha, 4th century

Afghanistan: Ancient Gandhara, probably Hadda, 300-399
6 in. (15.2 cm)
Norton Simon Art Foundation
© Norton Simon Art Foundation

Not on View

Although Buddhism originated in India, its influence can be seen all over the world. This Buddha sculpture was made in the ancient kingdom of Gandhara, located in what is now northern Pakistan and Afghanistan. Gandhara was located along the Silk Road, the main mercantile route that connected the East and the West. Images of the Buddha from Gandhara reflect the international character of this kingdom, especially seen in the Greco-Roman influences of this sculpture. The ushnisha is interpreted as a luscious chignon, similar to those used for statues of gods and goddesses in Greek and Roman art.

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